Animal Health Supplies
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Normal Body Temp:
Larger Breeds, 1 year old, smaller breeds 18 months old
Days of Gestation:
Days to weaning:
6 - 8 weeks
How many in a Litter?
It depends on the size of the breed.
While larger breeds like Dobermans and German Shepherds can have 6-8 puppies
in a litter,
the smaller toy breeds normally have 1-4 puppies in a litter.
Heat cycles normally occur once every 6 months, starting at a
year of age. The bitch normally normally swells in the vulva area, and has
some show of blood. You should check this daily, by wiping the area with
some toilet paper, or a paper two. This is to check to see if the bitch is
still bleeding. The female is normally not fertile, and will not stand, until
the end of this bleeding. The bitch will then stand for the male dog, put
her but in his face, and move her tail to one side of the other, to allow
for easy access of the male dog. The bitch will usually also pee a lot, to
attract the male dog. Once the dog and bitch have united, or TIED, they must
NOT be separated, until they do it on their own. This usually takes about
15 - 25 minutes. If you Force them to separate before the time is right,
you can pull the bitches entire uterus out of her. The anatomy of the male
dog is such, that they are LITERALLY STUCK TOGETHER.
Good reading is "What Vets
Don't Tell You About Vaccines" by Catherine O'Driscoll. It is available
from Our Pets Inc at www.ourpets.com
Dog Foods, the Good, Bad
and the Ugly
Thought this may interest
some of you who have dogs. This is Whole Dog Journal's list of recommended
and non-recommended dry kibble to feed dogs and some of the reasons why and
why not to do so. BARF
is best, but second best would be the recommended foods below.
Top Ten Dog Foods from the
2/00 issue of Whole Dog Journal. They are not in any particular order.
Best in Show "Solutions"
Canidae, California Natural
"Chicken & Rice" Flint
River "Dry Water",
Innovative Veterinary Diets
"Duck & Potato"
Wellness Super5mix "Hormone-Free
Their partial list of "
NOT RECOMMENDED" Foods:
These are in alphabetical order.
Second they did not include the really obvious ones, like grocery store brands.
Almost anything with BHA, BHT or Ethoxyquin is so bad it doesn't' t even
make their not recommended list. Below are the reasons these foods are not
|Abady Stress & Maintenance
||Abady Stress & Maintenance
Formula - Poultry by product meal, meat meal, lard
|APD Lamb Meal & Rice
||too many food fractions, lamb
||Chicken by product in first
|Cornucopia Super Life
||Corn is first ingredient, Poultry
meal is 2
|Diamond's Premium Adult
||Poultry by product meal is
|Dr. Ballard's Growth & Performance
||Corn gluten meal is #2, animal
fat, artificial preservatives
|Eagle Pack Natural Formula
||Chicken by product, chicken
|Iams Maintenance Adult
||Food fragments, animal fat
|Natural Life Adult Formula
||Poultry and meal meal, animal
|Nature's Recipe Maintenance
Lamb & Rice
||food fragments, animal fat,
|Nutro Max Naturally Preserved
||food fragments, poultry fat
|Perfect Health Diet G&M
||Poultry meal and fat
|Precise Foundation Formula
||Poultry fat, food fragments
||Poultry by product meal, animal
|Science Diet Maintenance
||Animal fat, artificial preservatives,
by product meal, fragments
|Sensible Choice Adult Dog
||Fragments, poultry fat
||fragments, chicken by product,
animal fat, artificial preservatives
Some more about what
causes them to reject a food: meat by products - including any kind of meats
- this includes hoofs, beaks, hair, feathers etc. Digest is worse,
a slurry of these things.
Fats or meats names generically - "poultry" instead of "chicken", "meat"
instead of "beef". (Note that "meat" may very well include dog)
Food fragments - things like brewers rice, corn gluten, wheat middlings.
This is the least bad of these things, especially if it is not in the first
6 or so ingredients.
Sweeteners - corn syrup, sucrose, ammoniated glycyrrhizin - these are
only in food that is so awful animals won't otherwise eat it.
Propylene glycol - toxic in large amounts, added to "chewy" foods sometimes
to keep them moist.
Good dog/cat foods should have:
Whole fresh meats or single source meat meal (chicken, not poultry, for
Whole meat source as one of
the first two ingredients
Whole unprocessed grains, vegetables
and other foods.
Read the book "Food Pets Die
For" by Ann Martin. There you will learn the truth. Not only
do they use "garbage meats" in some foods they use euthanized dogs &
cats, rotten grocery store meats, rotten maggot infested roadkill, and diseased
livestock usually fed antibiotics.
A friend of mine uses this
worming recipe for tapeworms: "(makes about 15 small balls)
Choose 2 or 3 of the following,
making Garlic one of the choices: freshly
chopped Garlic; ground cayenne
pepper; fresh, dried or powdered leaves of eucalyptus, rosemary, rue, or
wormwood; (fresh and dried herbs should be first pounded in a mortar with
pestle or in a wooden bowl with the back of a spoon); ground pumpkin seeds.
(I used garlic, wormwood, and pumpkin seeds)
1/2 cup oat or wheat bran
1/2 cup water
2 tbsp slippery elm powder
(binds 'tablets' together)
4-5 tbsp fresh, finely chopped
herbs of fairly equal proportions or 3 tbsp
dried or powdered herbs
- old kitchen spices are no good.
Stir water into bran and
let sit 10 minutes. Add herbs and 3-4 more tbsp.
of water if using dried
rather than fresh ones. Mix in slippery elm bark
and stir till mixture thickens.
If too watery, add more bark. Shape into
balls and give directly,
placing remainder in a covered dish in the fridge
where they will remain potent
for about 24 hours.
Dosage: Small pets should
be given 1 tablet and large pets up to 5 on the
morning of the 2nd and 3rd
day. First day is a fasting day - 24 hours for
adult pets and 12 hours
for young weaned ones - on spring or distilled
water to which a little
honey may be added for young pets. At the end of
the first day of the fast,
give a little (1/4 to 2 level tsp.) Castor oil
as a laxative to prompt
a bowel movement some hours later. On the 2nd & 3rd day - within 30-40
of giving the 'tablets' re-dose with castor oil followed within 1 hour by
a very small meal of liquidy foods - oatmeal with soy or buttermilk is ideal.
Pets may refuse or vomit this meal which should be prepared anew and offered
again an hour or so later. A similar, small meal should be offered at lunch
and dinner, and if pet has not had a significant bowel movement, that evening
give half the dose of
laxative oil as previously
The following morning (day 3), repeat the procedure of the tablets
in the a.m., then laxative,
followed by 3 small meals throughout the day; and if necessary, another 1/2
dose of laxatives that night.
This procedure (1 day fast w/laxative oil, 2 days partial fast
w/'tablets' and laxative
oil) should be ample to end a worm infestation.
At the end of the treatment, gently break the fast over the
following week w/larger
portions of natural foods including extra amounts
of daily supplements, but
excluding mucus-forming dairy products and meat (steamed fish is ok). During
the next 2 weeks, meals should also include extra amounts of chopped garlic
(1-3 cloves daily), chopped onions and grated carrots.
This has even been said to work on hookworms as well but since
hooks and whips are potentially
fatal if not dealt with quickly - it is
advised to get a proper
diagnosis from a vet and have him/her treat the pet
as fast as possible."
Charcoal is also good (fine
sifted wood ash) or charcoal tablets. Charcoal absorbs impurities
from the internal organs, but should not be used for more than 1 month.
Juliette's book says that
tape worms are very frequent in dogs that are fed cooked foods and not on
a raw diet.
Dermo Mange Caused by
Yes I have had several people
use the lavender essential oil that had tried every other treatment with no
success but within 2 weeks using the lavender oil all the dogs were healing
nicely. It does work just takes a couple of weeks you have to remember it
took a while for it to get that bad it will take a while for
it to heal, the key here is patience, I have had
people before that were going to put the dogs down they even tried bleach
and kerosene on the mange burnt there skin and made it worse. After only
2 weeks of lavender essential oil mixed with olive oil the dog was healing
and now has a beautiful coat. She also had a hard time putting this on the
dog as the dog no longer trusted her from the kero and bleach but she stuck
with it and was glad she did.
I know that many here would
not even know the devastation that advanced demo causes. The skin gets so
thick and tough that I wonder if anything external can even get to the mites
once it has reached this stage of the disease. >
Essential oils can penetrate where other things can
and lavender is antibacterial, and anti fungal and more also very soothing
and healing. And if just a few people take my advice and it saves these
dogs from being put down its worth everything! Anne, Deb
Livestock Guardian Dogs
I would start with one
dog at a time or get dogs that are not related as they will bond to each
other instead of the livestock.
We use a Maremma and an
Anatolian Shepherd to protect our sheep, goats, and free range
broilers. Guard dog don't need much
as far as shelter, they should have at least an insulated dog house big
enough for them to fit in, although our dog spends most of its time sleeping
outside in the rain and snow and goes inside the barn went it is warm.
Most guard dog will be fairly inactive
during the day time but you will see them
guard /patrol all night. \
Temperament vary somewhat
within the different breeds of guard dogs. If you get your dog from
a reputable breeder where the parents are used to guard some type of livestock
your dog should have the natural instinct to protect animals or people that
he is raised with. What you have to pay
special attention to in regards to temperament
or breed characteristics is some breed will be more aggressive towards strangers
and threats (predators/roaming dogs) than others. For example Akbash
are known to be very aggressive to strangers or towards any predators (
killing coyote, fox, dogs, etc..) that comes in their territory. While
the Great Pyrenees will still do a good job with wild predators but will
not be as aggressive towards stray dogs or strangers. This information
comes from a study done by the US and Canadian dept. of agr., out of all
the LG. they had on trial only the Great Pyrenees did not bite strangers
coming to visit the farm where the trial was.
Training a guard dog is
not like training a companion dog. For the first, 4 to 8 months you
have to be present from a distance. Meaning, your dog should be
with the livestock when you are doing chores around the yard as you want to
be able to monitor his activities as they will try to play with the
chickens, sheep's, etc... and should be corrected immediately if they do
so. If you are unable to be there when the dog is loose he should be
pen in a safe area close to the livestock he is to protect. Also you
do not want to have to much contact with your dog otherwise he will bound
to you and just become another pet.
For anymore information
on guard dog breeds and breeders, I would advise you go to this site and find
more information about a breed that suite your situation.
Other GREAT Dog Sights
This is a great site -- discusses
canine development!! Great resource!
Great info at Whole Dog Journal: